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The chemical industry

The chemical industry deals with the extraction and processing of raw materials, both natural and synthetic, and their transformation into other substances with characteristics different from those they had originally, to meet the needs of people improving their quality of life. Its main objective is to produce a good quality product at the lowest possible cost, and trying to cause the least damage to the environment. Raw materials are various materials extracted from nature in order to manufacture consumer goods. It can be classified according to its origin: animal, vegetable and mineral.

There are two types of chemical industry:

Basic chemical industry: they use basic raw materials and produce intermediate products that can also be used as raw materials for other industries.

Chemical processing industries: they are intended for direct consumption by people, using products manufactured by the basic chemical industries. Fine chemistry comprises numerous specialized industries (medicines, fertilizers, pesticides, dyes, etc.).