TSKgel Chromatography Columns Tosoh Bioscienceoffers a complete line of TSKgel (U)HPLC columns for use with conventional and UHPLC systems to meet your purification needs. The TSKgel product line includes columns in nearly all HPLC modes, including Size Exclusion, Ion Exchange, Reversed Phase, Hydrophobic Interaction, Affinity and Normal Phase/HILIC.
Reversed Phase Liquid Chromatography (RPC) has become an accepted tool for the separation of peptides, proteins and other biopolymers in the pharmaceutical, chemical and biochemical industries. Reversed Phase Liquid Chromatography (RPC) separates molecules based on nonpolar interactions and requires a nonpolar stationary phase and a polar mobile phase. Typically the mobile phase consists of a mixture of water (buffer) and acetonitrile, methanol, THF, or 2-propanol.
Normal phase and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) are primarily used to separate polar and hydrophilic compounds. In reversed phase mode very polar compounds are often not sufficiently retained in low percent organic, or even in 100% aqueous mobile phase. The order of elution in normal phase is opposite that found in reversed phase for the same mixture of compounds. Although non-polar organic mobile phases and a silica stationary phase were used traditionally in normal phase LC, today most separations are performed with aqueous-organic mobile phases and a more polar-bonded stationary phase. This mode of HPLC is now commonly referred to as HILIC, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography.
By using an amide or amino bonded phase column, polar compounds can be retained by a normal phase or hydrophilic interaction chromatography retention mechanism. Typical mobile phases in HILIC are aqueous buffers with organic modifiers – primarily acetonitrile. In contrast to the retention behavior in reversed phase, in HILIC, solutes will be retained longer when increasing the percent acetonitrile.